Orthopaedic surgery specialists focus on treatment of injuries and diseases of the body’s musculoskeletal system which allows for movement, work and activity. We care for patients throughout the lifespan from childhood fractures to elderly patients requiring joint replacement surgery.

There are a number of subspecialties in orthopedics, and our Greenleaf orthopaedic doctors have advanced fellowship training in these areas:

Sports Medicine

Care related to injuries related to athletic activity and rehabilitation programs designed to return the athlete to function and optimal performance.

Joint Replacement and Arthritis

Treatment of patients with advance arthritis of the major joints of the body, hips, knees and shoulders. This includes non-surgical treatment, such as medications, physical therapy and injections such as cortisone or hyuronate or gel injections. Surgery includes hip replacement, both anterior and posterior approaches; knee replacement with cementless or cemented components; and total shoulder replacements.

Shoulder and Elbow

Medical and surgical care of disorders of the shoulder and elbow ranging from tendonitis to end-stage osteoarthritis


Treatment of medical conditions affecting the spine including arthritic changes, disc herniations with associated sciatica and screening and management of scoliosis

Trauma & Fractures

Treatment of basic and trauma traumatic fractures of the upper and lower extremities as well as management of orthopaedic injuries resulting from traumatic injury.

The Orthopaedic Visit

A visit to the orthopaedic office may involve one of the following:


This may include asking questions about the nature of the problem and a physical exam followed by xray or other imaging or lab tests to aid in determining the source of the problem.


The orthopaedic physician may use medication, physical therapy, injection or surgery to treat various conditions as well as supportive splints and braces.


Physical therapy exercise regimens and modalities such as ultrasound may be recommended to restore movement, strength and function.


Patient education is an important part of preventing injury and slowing the progression of disease. Greenleaf physicians spend time educating the patient about their specific disorder as well as discussing prevention of future injury.

The Orthopaedic Surgeon

Our orthopaedic surgeons are familiar with all aspects of the musculoskeletal system, and they each specialize in certain areas such as foot and ankle, fracture care, sports medicine, shoulder, hip and total joint replacement. The orthopaedic surgeon must complete up to 14 years of formal education. This includes:

  • Four years of study in a college or university
  • Four years of study in medical school
  • Five years of studying orthopaedic residency at a major medical center
  • One optional year of specialized education such as a fellowship in foot and ankle or sports medicine

After establishing a licensed practice, orthopaedic surgeons must demonstrate mastery of orthopaedic knowledge by passing both oral and written examinations given by the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery. Board re-certification exams are mandated every 10 years. Each year, the Greenleaf physicians spend many hours studying and attending continuing medical education courses to stay up-to-date in current orthopaedic knowledge and skills. Read more about this in the “News” section.